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This activity aims to show three different roles a border can play in a specific historical context: in Mostar, a bridge sharply divides and defines who is who in the conflict. In the Catalan cross-country region, the border between Spain and France is the one and only way out and is recognised as a destination for refuge. In the Lithuanian-Polish region, the border itself moves, while people remain in place, as they try to find and define themselves in a new political situation. This activity is about seeing borders as main “characters” in a story. Using the storyboard technique and our visual resources, students are asked to tell stories about borders and, as the result of this exercise, see how many roles borders can play in various contexts.

General information

Target group

suitable for students aged 11-18


animation explaining different aspects of the border

Estimated time 

2 lessons of 45 min

The version described in the materials took two forty-five minute lessons, with some work done by students at home in between classes. However, the time can be shortened or prolonged, depending on the teacher’s own needs and ideas.

Learning goals 

  • Show the importance of good planning
  • Show multiple perspectives on the same events
  • Explain historical continuity and change
  • Identify gaps in available records
  • synthesize information into short, clear summaries
  • filter and evaluate information (prioritising)
  • Obtain a wider view on the situation in Europe in an interwar period



To conduct the activity, you will use this prepared package of learning materials:

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Information packs introducing you to the three case studies

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Selected personal stories from the case studies (AV)

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. Step-by-step activity plan

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Infographics on archival search for beginners

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Set of visuals that will help you run the tasks